Nathaniel Sharp was born about 1816 in Tennessee . Very little is known about his early life. Apparently he served in the Mexican War, since his obituary says that he first came through Arizona as a member of an invading army in charge of a company . McClintock also mentions him as being in Arizona by 1856 .
Sharp settled first in Calabasas, intending to raise cattle . However, the outbreak of the Civil War and the expected arrival of Union troops from California caused Sharp, along with Thomas Farrell and Jack Pennington, to pack up and head for Mesilla, New Mexico, in August of 1861 . Their wagon train, which would become known as the Ake-Wadsworth Party, was accompanied by herds of cattle and flocks of sheep. This temptation proved to be too much for the Chiricahua Apaches. Under the leadership of Cochise and/or his son-in-law Mangas Coloradas, the Chiricahuas attacked the Ake-Wadsworth party in Cooke’s Canyon . During the running battle, Nathaniel Sharp received an arrow through the neck, but witnesses said that he simply broke the arrow in half and pulled the pieces out . Sharp was described as being about sixty years old at the time (he was actually 45) .
After Sharp recovered from his injuries, he and Thomas Farrell journeyed to Pinos Altos, where they enlisted in the Confederate Army . Both served as privates in Helms' Company, Herbert’s Arizona Battalion . Farrell was taken prisoner during the unit’s Trans-Mississippi campaign and did not see Sharp again until 1871 .
After the Civil War, Sharp went to California and was for a time a lawyer in Sacramento . However, he returned to Arizona around 1869, where he helped to dig the Tempe Canal. Thus assured of water, he started a cattle ranch south of the Salt River . After James T. Priest resigned as zanjero of the Tempe Canal Company to pursue other ambitions, Sharp was elected zanjero, a position of some importance in the community .
Nathaniel Sharp’s name appears on the Territorial Census of 1872  and in that year he ran for Maricopa County surveyor on the Democratic ticket. He also appears in the Maricopa County Great Register of 1876 .
Around 1879, Sharp married Emeline Stickney, a widow with three grown children . The 1880 federal census of Phoenix lists Nathan Sharp, aged sixty, living in Phoenix with his wife Emeline, aged fifty-three .
In March 1883, the couple sold their ranch in Tempe to George Crismon for $6000 and moved to a ranch on the Verde River north of Phoenix. On 5 September 1883, they came to Phoenix to pay their taxes, and Mrs. Sharp was heard to remark jokingly to the sheriff, “Now you will not have a chance to rob us again for another year.” 
On July 2, 1884, the Sharps were in Phoenix again to propose that a mail route be established to serve the growing communities along the Verde River .
On 14 July 1894, Captain Sharp bought several lots in the Capitol addition with the intention of making his home there .
Sharp’s wife Emeline died 2 February 1904 of pneumonia and was buried in Rosedale Cemetery . Chaplain Scott conducted the funeral service. A Mr. Frank Alkin, acting as an agent for Mrs. Sharp, paid the undertaker’s bill, so it would appear that the Sharps had turned over management of their financial affairs to him. Sharp himself was living in Los Angeles, California, when he died on 29 September 1906 .
On 30 September 1906, his remains were returned by rail to Phoenix, accompanied by his late wife’s daughters, Mrs. Burgher and Mrs. Grubbings. Easterling & Whitney, undertakers, were in charge of the funeral arrangements. The service took place at 2:30 PM on 2 October 1906, with Rev. Harold Govette officiating. Burial was in the Rosedale Cemetery .
Story courtesy of Donna L. Carr, last revised April 29, 2015. Sources are available upon request.